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Brazil - The Legal Basis for Impeachment

The removal of a President is provided in Article 85 of the Brazilian Constitution, which states that it can occurs in cases of impeachable offenses, which include, among others, crimes against the existence of the Union, the exercise of political rights, social and individual and against administrative probity. These crimes are regulated by Law 1079 of 1950, the so-called "law of impeachment".

At the article 86 of the Brazilian Republican Constitution the process of "impeachment" is divided in two phases:

At first the House of Representatives, must admit the charge made by any citizen, that is limited by a majority of 2/3 of its members, to receive or not the charge.